Risk groups

Certain individuals develop more severe symptoms, chiefly pneumonia and breathing difficulties, if they are infected with Covid-19.

70 years and older

The risk of becoming seriously ill gradually increases with age. Men are around twice as likely as women to become seriously ill. Mortality is also higher. In addition, if you have one or several of the conditions mentioned in the list below, the risk increases further. The higher up the list, the greater the risk. 

  • Organ transplantation.
  • Blood cancer diseases, existing and previous.
  • Neurological disorders (for example MS, Parkinson’s, Myasthenia gravis).
  • Obesity (increased risk with increased degree of obesity).
  • Diabetes (reduced risk if it is well managed).
  • Current cancer treatment.
  • Chronic lung disease (including asthma, but only to a very marginal extent if it is well managed).
  • Stroke/dementia.
  • Other immunosuppressive disease or treatment.
  • Liver disease.
  • Impaired kidney function.
  • Cardiovascular disease.
  • Downs syndrome
  • Schizophrenia
  • Bipolar disorder

Younger than 70 years old

Individuals younger than 70 years old may also be at greater risk of becoming seriously ill if they have any of the following:

  • One or more of the conditions mentioned above.
  • Disease that increases the risk of severe illness in case of airway infections.

Children have a very low risk of becoming seriously ill, even those who have any of the conditions or illnesses that increase the risk for adults and the elderly.

More information at the Swedish Public Health Agency 

Visits to retirement homes

Contact the retirement in question before you make a visit. The municipality or whoever is in charge of running a home, is also responsible to take measures against the spread of infection within the premises. Family and residents are responsible for following the general advice to stop contagion. 

Pregnant women

Pregnant women have a higher risk of becoming seriously ill with Covid-19, which could mean an increased risk of premature birth and other serious complications, especially toward the end of the pregnancy. Pregnant women should thus take extra care not to be infected. 

The risk of serious illness could also increase in combination with other risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity.

For pregnant women without underlying illnesses, vaccination is recommended after the 12th week of pregnancy. Pregnant women in at-risk groups is recommended vaccination against Covid-19 regardless of the week of pregnancy. This applies when the woman has one of the following conditions or diseases which can lead to a higher risk of being seriously ill with covid-19. Pregnant women who have been vaccinated against Covid-19, or who have had the disease, have the same protection as others against Covid-19. Unvaccinated pregnant women should be extra careful not to become infected and carefully follow the Swedish Public Health Agency's recommendations.

Consult your doctor

If you have any of the conditions above, you should consult your treating doctor about what you can do to reduce the risk of falling ill with Covid-19.